What it is about
We distinguish between three different types of cancer in the oesophagus. The most common is the so-called squamous cell carcinoma. It occurs mainly in people who consume a lot of alcohol and cigarettes. The so-called adenocarcinoma (AEG) of the oesophagogastric junction is often caused by heartburn and is located at the transition from the oesophagus to the stomach. Gastrointestinal stromal tumours of the oesophagus (GIST) were only discovered a few years ago and can be either benign or malignant - depending on their size and their activity to enlarge. If they are malignant, they are particularly dangerous because they spread quickly in the body and form daughter tumours, so-called metastases.
In addition to the general symptoms of tumour diseases, such as weight loss, fever, night sweat, loss of appetite and disgust of meat, patients with oesophageal cancer have pain when swallowing and the so-called globus sensation (lump in the throat).